Nagaland State: Culture, Religion, and Language

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Explore the culture, language, and religion of Nagaland State, located in India’s northeastern region.

Culture, Religion, and Language


Nagaland State is situated in the Northeastern region of India and is renowned for its diverse cultural heritage, traditional customs, and festivals. Assam borders it on the west; Arunachal Pradesh to the north; Manipur to the south; Myanmar to the east. There are numerous indigenous tribes within Nagaland with unique languages, religions, and customs. In this article, we’ll look at some of these aspects, including its language, religion, and culture.

Why is Nagaland Famous For?

Nagaland State is renowned for its vibrant culture, traditional customs, and festivals. The region boasts picturesque hills, dense forests, and exotic flora and fauna. Nagaland also hosts numerous indigenous tribes with distinct languages, customs, and festivals annually. Popular events celebrated here include the Hornbill Festival, Aoleang Festival, Sekrenyi Festival, and Moatsu Festival.

Is the Nagaland State of India?

Nagaland is one of India’s states, formed in the northeastern region on December 1, 1963. The capital of Nagaland is Kohima, and its largest city is Dimapur.

What is Nagaland State Language?

Nagaland State is home to numerous indigenous tribes, each with its language. While English is the official language of Nagaland State, over 16 major languages and innumerable dialects are spoken here. Notable among them are Ao, Angami, Sema, Lotha, Chakhesang, and Sumi.

Nagaland Religion:

Christianity is the dominant religion in Nagaland, introduced by American Baptist missionaries during the 19th century. Before Christianity, many Naga tribes practiced animism, believing in spirits and supernatural forces. Today many Nagas adhere to both Christian teachings and traditional animistic beliefs. Additionally, there are some followers of Hinduism and Buddhism within the state.

Nagaland Religion Percentage:

According to the 2011 Census, Nagaland’s Christian population stands at 87.5% and the Hindu population at 8.75%, respectively; the remaining population consists of Muslims, Buddhists, and other faiths.

Culture of Nagaland State:

Nagaland is renowned for its vibrant cultural heritage, customs, and festivals. The state is home to numerous indigenous tribes with distinct cultures, businesses, and practices, including the Angami, Ao, Lotha, Sema, and Sumi. The Naga tribes are renowned for their craftsmanship in weaving, woodcarving, and basketry and their delicious cuisine, including dishes like smoked meat, bamboo shoot pickle, and fermented soybeans.

10 interesting facts about Nagaland

1.Nagaland is located in the northeastern region of India, bordering Myanmar.
2.The state has a population of approximately 2 million people, consisting of various tribes and sub-tribes.
3.Nagaland is known for its rich biodiversity and is home to several rare and endangered species of flora and fauna.
4.The state is famous for its Hornbill Festival, a 10-day cultural extravaganza that showcases the traditional music, dance, and handicrafts of the Nagas.
5.The Nagas are known for their distinct warrior culture and have a long history of headhunting, which was prevalent until the 20th century.
6.English is the official language of Nagaland, but there are over 20 recognized Naga dialects spoken in the state.
7.Nagaland has a literacy rate of over 80%, which is higher than the national average in India.
8.The state has a vibrant music scene and is home to several popular bands and musicians who blend traditional Naga music with contemporary genres.
9.Nagaland has produced several notable personalities, including Olympic boxer Mary Kom, musician Alobo Naga, and author Easterine Kire.
10.The state has several natural attractions, including Dzukou Valley, a picturesque trekking destination, and Mokokchung, a scenic town known for its bamboo crafts.

Commonly Asked Questions (FAQs):

Q. When is the ideal time to visit Nagaland State?

A. For visitors to Nagaland State, the best time to visit is between October and May, when temperatures are pleasant and ideal for sightseeing and outdoor activities.

Q. What are the top tourist attractions in Nagaland State?

Nagaland State boasts several popular tourist destinations, such as Dzukou Valley, Kohima War Cemetery, Hornbill Festival, Naga Heritage Village, and Japfu Peak.

Q. What is the dress code in Nagaland State?

Nagaland State has a distinct and traditional dress code. Women typically don colorful skirts adorned with the mekhela shawl, while men wear something similar called the loincloth. With modernization, however, many urban areas also sport Western-style clothing.


Nagaland State is a beautiful region of India known for its vibrant culture, traditions, and festivals. With numerous indigenous tribes with distinct languages and religions, customs, and beliefs – much of Nagaland follows Christianity, but many follow a mix of traditional animistic beliefs alongside Christianity. Notable features include traditional dress, craftsmanship, and delicious cuisine – making this state an absolute must-visit destination for those wanting to discover India’s vibrant cultural heritage.

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